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RNB Global University (RNBGU), set in the hinter heartlands of the royal city of Bikaner, stands as a shining edifice of quality education in a vast clean and green Wi-Fi enabled campus

Saturday, 30 April 2016

A Rezendvous with Delhi

From milestone to milestone the next on agenda was an industrial visit to Delhi, as always Intellect fused with leisure to rejuvenate the mind and the spirits as the end term exams are on the threshold.

This trip was for all the students of B.Com (hons) and BSC,to Delhi. Since the students were an amalgamation of the science stream and the commerce stream, the situation looked paradoxical to begin with, but as the mind opened and discussion happened planning the visit for the 30th of April 2016, it came to be understood that irrespective of the stream, all students today studying in professional institutes with a Global teaching context, need to be given opportunities at the Market as a very large horizon, which no longer embraces only degrees and marks, but a mind full of knowledge and practical approaches.

The visit was thereafter planned for a visit to the PARLE factory. The name in itself left all in awe as they headed to visit one of the oldest, yet most popular Brand in India.

On the 29th of April 2016 all the students along with Dr. Kiran Parrek and Mr. Sunil Bhardwaj left for Delhi by train. They embarked for the industrial visit after freshening up in the pre planned arena, by a hired coach. The drive to the factory witnessed a lot of zeal, interactions with each other and the faculty as per each ones anxiety and levels of inquisitiveness.

As they all approached PARLE it was a dream come true. Even before they entered the premises it was all over the skies via what’s app and twitter and hike, that this was a bundle of small hurricanes full of enigma and eagerness to learn.

After salutations and security formalities they were taken on a guided tour from the manufacturing units, quality control till packaging. It was appalling to see their faces as they with dedication watched the process of the baking of their Best Friend since they were born PARLE.

The goodbyes were not very happy but without a choice. The next was a visit to shopping mall which is an all time favourite for some eats and shopping.

The final countdown as the red carpet kept unfolding was the IPL match to be watched by our students live at the Firoz Shah Kotla Stadium in New Delhi. The excitement was not the match , but the fact that all were together and togetherness breeds happiness, learning. Team work. Wisdom, and all these are the pride of RNB Global.

After the match, as all had applauded the Delhi team for winning and each has made his/ her own efforts to catch a view of their heroes, all mounted the coach heading for the hotel for freshening up and dinner and then were home bound as they left for the station to board the train back to pavilion, Bikaner.

1st of May 2016 being a Sunday all had enough time to recoup, but by Sunday evening the memories of this journey of tales and events all wrapped in one day, with less time yrt a lot of content was all over the media.

Wednesday, 27 April 2016


IINTRODUCTION:  The Government of India has notified the National Food Security Act, 2013 on 10th September, 2013 with the objective to provide for food and nutritional security in human life cycle approach, by ensuring access to adequate quantity of quality food at affordable prices to people to live a life with dignity. The Bill seeks “to provide for food and nutritional security in human life cycle approach, by ensuring access to adequate quantity of quality food at affordable prices to people to live a life with dignity and for matters connected therewith and incidental thereto”.    The Act provides for coverage of up to 75% of the rural population and up to 50% of the urban population for receiving subsidized food grains under Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS), thus covering about two-thirds of the population. The eligible persons will be entitled to receive 5 Kgs of food grains per person per month at subsidised prices of Rs. 3/2/1 per Kg for rice/wheat/coarse grains. The existing Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) households, which constitute the poorest of the poor, will continue to receive 35 Kgs of food grains per household per month. The Act also has a special focus on the nutritional support to women and children. Besides meal to pregnant women and lactating mothers during pregnancy and six months after the child birth, such women will also be entitled to receive maternity benefit of not less than Rs. 6,000. Children up to 14 years of age will be entitled to nutritious meals as per the prescribed nutritional standards. In case of non-supply of entitled food grains or meals, the beneficiaries will receive food security allowance.

Women Empowerment: Eldest woman of the household of age 18 years or above to be the head of the household for the purpose of issuing of ration cards.

 The Act also contains provisions for setting up of grievance redressal mechanism at the District and State levels. Separate provisions have also been made in the Act for ensuring transparency and accountability. The National Food Security Act, 2013 (NFSA) provides that every State Government shall, by notification, constitute a State Food Commission for the purpose of monitoring and review of implementation of the Act. It has been decided that in case a State decides to set up State Food Commission on exclusive basis, Central Government will provide one time financial assistance for non building assets for State Food Commission. Accordingly a component viz., "Assistance to States/UTs for non-building assets for State Food Commissions” has been included under the 12th Plan Umbrella Scheme on "Strengthening of PDS & Capacity Building, Quality Control, Consultancies & Research” of the Department. Under this component, the assistance is available for non-building assets such as furniture, office equipment, computers etc. These may include computers, air-conditioners, photocopiers, Fax machines, telephones, EPABX system, tables, chairs, storage units etc. Under the scheme, assistance is not provided for any construction activity or any recurring expenses.

Historical Background:
“Umbrella” Orders

The Apex Court has issued a number of interim orders from time to time for implementation of various welfare schemes.While most of the interim orders concern specific schemes (e.g. ICDS or Public Distribution System), some of them apply “across the board” to all the relevant schemes. We shall refer to these orders as “umbrella orders”.  Other important umbrella orders include the following:

1. Responsibility for compliance: Chief Secretaries of the concerned states “shall be held responsible” for any “persistent default in compliance with orders”.
2. Accountability to Gram Sabhas: “The Gram Sabhas are entitled to conduct a social audit into all Food/Employment schemes and to report all instances of misuse of funds to the respective implementing authorities, who shall on receipt of such complaints, investigate and take appropriate action in accordance with law.”
3. Access to information: “The Gram Sabhas are empowered to monitor the implementation of the various schemes and have access to relevant information relating to, inter alia, selection of beneficiaries and the disbursement of benefits.”
4. Dissemination of Court orders: 12 Chief Secretaries have been directed “to translate and permanently display” the orders dated 28th November, 2001 and 8th May, 2002 “on all the Gram Panchayats, school buildings and fair price shops”. The Central Government is to give “wide publicity” to these orders through All India Radio and Doordarshan.
5. Schemes not to be discontinued: “No scheme covered by the orders made by this Court… shall be discontinued or restricted in any way without the prior approval of this Court.”13
6. Full utilization of grain quotas: “We direct all the State Governments to forthwith lift the entire allotment of food grains from the Central Government under the various Schemes and disburse the same in accordance with the Schemes.”14
7. Jurisdiction of High Courts in the Right to Food Case: It is important to note here that since the Supreme Court passed these landmark orders, a number of cases have been filed in various High Courts across the country. These writ petitions were filed not only by right to food activists and citizens concerned with the denial of entitlements to poor people in their respective states, but also by vested interest groups (like contractors) who were adversely affected by the Supreme Court orders. In some cases (notably in Rajasthan and Delhi), the High Court’s refused to entertain these petitions since the matter was sub-judicial in the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court then, in a significant order dated 1st May 2006 in this case passed an order which settled this issue of jurisdiction of the High Courts in this case. The Supreme Court allowed High Courts to entertain petitions on the “right to food case”, and directed that High Courts could entertain Writ Petitions on the right to food and deal with them appropriately.

Salient Features of the Food Security Act:
Coverage and entitlement under Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS): Up to 75% of the rural population and 50% of the urban population will be covered under TPDS, with uniform entitlement of 5 kg per person per month. However, since Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) households constitute poorest of the poor, and are presently entitled to 35 kg per household per month, entitlement of existing AAY households will be protected at 35 kg per household per month.

State-wise coverage: Corresponding to the all India coverage of 75% and 50% in the rural and urban areas, State-wise coverage will be determined by the Central Government. Planning Commission has determined the State-wise coverage by using the NSS Household Consumption Survey data for 2011-12.

Subsidised prices under TPDS and their revision: Food grains under TPDS will be made available at subsidised prices of Rs. 3/2/1 per kg for rice, wheat and coarse grains for a period of three years from the date of commencement of the Act. Thereafter prices will be suitably linked to Minimum Support Price (MSP).

In case, any State’s allocation under the Act is lower than their current allocation, it will be protected up to the level of average off take under normal TPDS during last three years, at prices to be determined by the Central Government. Existing prices for APL households i.e. Rs. 6.10 per kg for wheat and Rs 8.30 per kg for rice has been determined as issue prices for the additional allocation to protect the average off take during last three years.

Identification of Households: Within the coverage under TPDS determined for each State, the work of identification of eligible households is to be done by States/UTs.

Nutritional Support to women and children: Pregnant women and lactating mothers and children in the age group of 6 months to 14 years will be entitled to meals as per prescribed nutritional norms under Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) and Mid-Day Meal (MDM) schemes. Higher nutritional norms have been prescribed for malnourished children up to 6 years of age.

Maternity Benefit: Pregnant women and lactating mothers will also be entitled to receive maternity benefit of not less than Rs. 6,000.

Grievance Redressal Mechanism: Grievance redressal mechanism at the District and State levels. States will have the flexibility to use the existing machinery or set up separate mechanism.

Cost of intra-State transportation & handling of food grains and FPS Dealers' margin: Central Government will provide assistance to States in meeting the expenditure incurred by them on transportation of food grains within the State, its handling and FPS dealers’ margin as per norms to be devised for this purpose.

Transparency and Accountability: Provisions have been made for disclosure of records relating to PDS, social audits and setting up of Vigilance Committees in order to ensure transparency and accountability.
Food Security Allowance: Provision for food security allowance to entitled beneficiaries in case of non-supply of entitled food grains or meals.

Penalty: Provision for penalty on public servant or authority, to be imposed by the State Food Commission, in case of failure to comply with the relief recommended by the District Grievance Redressal Officer.

1. “The Gram Sabhas are entitled to conduct a social audit into all Food/Employment schemes and to report all instances of misuse of funds to the respective implementing authorities, who shall on receipt of such complaints, investigate and take appropriate action in accordance with law.”
2. “On a complaint being made to the… CEO/Collector regarding non compliance of the orders of this Court the Concerned CEO/Collector shall record the salient features of the complaint in a register maintained for this purpose, acknowledge receipt of the complaint and forthwith secure compliance with this Court's order.”
3. “The CEO/Collector of all the Districts in the States and territories shall scrutinize the action taken by all the implementing agencies within their jurisdiction to ensure compliance with this court's orders and report to the Chief Secretary.”
4. “The responsibility for implementation of the order of this Court shall be that of the CEO/Collector. The Chief Secretary will ensure compliance with the order of this Court.”
5. “Dr. N.C. Saxena, former Planning Secretary, Government of India, and Mr. S.R. Shankaran, former Secretary, Rural Development, Government of India, shall function as Commissioner's of this Court for the purpose of looking into any grievance that my persist after the above-mentioned grievance resolution procedure has been exhausted.”
6. “On the Commissioner's recommending a course of action to ensure compliance with this Court's order, the State Government/ UT administrations, shall forthwith act upon such recommendation and report compliance.”
7. “The Commissioner's shall be at liberty to take the assistance of individuals and reliable organizations in the State and Union Territories. All officials are directed to fully cooperate with such persons/organizations, to bring about effective monitoring and implementation of the order of this Court.”
8. “The Gram Sabhas are empowered to monitor the implementation of the various schemes and have access to relevant information relating to, inter alia, selection of beneficiaries and the disbursement of benefits. The Gram Sabhas can raise their grievances in the manner set out above and the redressal of the grievances shall be done accordingly.”

If the above mentioned scheme is implemented in letter and spirit, it will prove a mile stone in the history of India. For implementation of the scheme besides co-operation of administrative machinery and public participation at the grass root level is highly required to wipe out the food problem specially, the persons living below poverty line. If the Food Security Problem is solved, the down trodden persons will be able to lead a dignified life. It will also be helpful to fulfil the dreams of Constitution makers i.e. the State shall strive to promote the welfare of the people by securing and protecting as effectively as it may a social order in which justice, social, economic and political, shall inform all the institutions of the national life.

Dr. Hari Mohan Mittal,
Professor - School of Law

Saturday, 9 April 2016

Human Legal Rights Violation - Custodial violence & Custodial Death in India

Custodial torture is a calculated assault on human dignity and whenever human dignity wounded, civilization takes a step backwards. Using any form of torture for extracting any kind of information would neither be right nor just nor fair, hence, impermissible, and offensive to Article 21 of the Constitution. A crime suspect, declared the court, may be interrogated and subjected to sustained and scientific interrogation in the manner determined by the provisions of law, but, no such suspect can be tortured or subjected to third degree methods or eliminated with a view to eliciting information, extracting a confession or deriving knowledge about his accomplices, weapons etc. His constitutional right cannot be abridged except in the manner permitted by law.


The SC in this case observed that the cases of custodial torture and custodial death have increased day by day. The case came up before the court through a writ petition under Article 32 of Constitution of India by a NGO. The SC of India developed a custodial jurisprudence in   D. K. BASU v. STATE OF WEST BENGAL (AIR 1997 SC 610).The Supreme Court  considered  it appropriate to issue the following requirements to be followed in all cases of arrest or detention till legal provisions are made in that behalf as preventive measures: 

1. The police personnel carrying out the arrest and handling the interrogation of the arrestee should bear accurate, visible and clear identification and name tags with their designations. The particulars of all such police personnel who handle interrogation of the arrestee must be recorded in a register. 
2. That the police officer carrying out the arrest of the arrestee shall prepare a memo of arrest at the time of arrest and such memo shall be attested by at least one witness, who may be either a member of the family of the arrestee or a respectable person of the locality from where the arrest is made. It shall also be counter signed by the arrestee and shall contain the time and date of arrest. 
3. A person who has been arrested or detained and is being held in custody in a police station or interrogation centre or other lock-up, shall be entitled to have one friend or relative or other person known to him or having interest in his welfare being informed, as soon as practicable, that he has been arrested and is being detained at the particular place, unless the attesting witness of the memo of arrest is himself such a friend or a relative of the arrestee. 
4. The time, place of arrest and venue of custody of an arrestee must be notified by the police where the next friend or relative of the arrestee lives outside the district or town through the Legal Aid Organisation in the District and the police station of the area concerned telegraphically within a period of 8 to 12 hours after the arrest.  
5. The person arrested must be made aware of this right to have someone informed of his arrest or detention as soon as he is put under arrest or is detained. 
6. An entry must be made in the diary at the place of detention regarding the arrest of the person which shall also disclose the name of the next friend of the person who has been informed of the arrest and the names and particulars of the police officials in whose custody the arrestee is. 
7. The arrestee should, where he so requests, be also examined at the time of his arrest and major and minor injuries, if any present on his/her body, must be recorded at that time. The "Inspection Memo" must be signed both by the arrestee and the police officer affecting the arrest and its copy provided to the arrestee. 
8. The arrestee should be subjected to medical examination by a trained doctor every 48 hours during his detention in custody by a doctor on the panel of approved doctors appointed by Director, Health Services of the concerned State or Union Territory. Director, Health Services should prepare such a penal for all Tehsils and Districts as well. 
9. Copies of all the documents including the memo of arrest, referred to above, should be sent to the illaqa Magistrate for his record. 
10. The arrestee may be permitted to meet his lawyer during interrogation, though not throughout the interrogation. 
11. A police control room should be provided at all district and state headquarters, where information regarding the arrest and the place of custody of the arrestee shall be communicated by the officer causing the arrest, within 12 hours of effecting the arrest and at the police control room it should be displayed on a conspicuous notice board.

This case was followed by seven subsequent orders of the SC and emphasised on effective implementation of its directions issued in the 1st D. K. BASU. In recent times there is an increasing concern of the international community above the practice of torture of prisoners and detenus. Torture is a well established too, of investigation of the Indian Police despite its ruling in earlier cases and growing incidence of torture and death in police custody. In this case the court looked into the recommendations made by Amicus curiae.

India is party to the International Covenants on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenants on Economics Social and Cultural Rights. Section 2 (d) of the Protection of Human Rights Acts defines human rights and included in its ambit of both covenants.  The establishment of National Human Rights Commissions of India was a step towards fulfilling its commitment at international level. It is disturbing to note that even at the 22 years of the establishment of NHRC, a few Indian states have failed to established State Human Rights Commission and thus ignore the section 21 of the Protection of Human Rights Acts. The NHRC has been Advocating for the establishment of SHRC by all the states so that every citizen of the country has easy and inexpensive recourse to redress the human rights violation.

In this case the court issued the direction to the governments of Arunachal Pradesh, Delhi, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura and Nagaland for early establishment of SHRC. The court also issued direction for fulfilling of the existing positions in all the existing SHRCs. It is important to note here that the court should have also looked into the effectiveness of the commission and its jurisdiction. In many cases it has been found that NHRC is receiving complaints from specific states even though SHRC was established in that state but somehow failed to generate trust among the people about its independence and impartiality. The 3rd recommendation of Amicus curiae was regarding the establishment of human rights court for each district as stipulated under section 30 of PHRA. No doubt the establishment of human rights court would help in speedy disposal of the cases related with human rights violation. Unfortunately till date only the state of Sikkim has compiled with the section 30 of PHRA and the other states are observing complete silence in this regard. The court did not give any dead line for the establishment of human rights court but suggested that the state government can take up the matter with the Chief justice of High Court of their respective states and examine the possibility of establishment of human rights court in their states. Apart from these recommendations the court also issued directions for the installation of CCTV cameras in all police stations within 2 years, appointment of nonofficial visitors to prisons and police station and deployment of at least two women constable sin each police station where ever such deployment is considered necessary. The court also directed the state authorities for initiating of an inquiry to establish culpability in custodial death and an appropriate prosecution for the commission of such offences as disclosed by the inquiry report.

The Supreme Court being the guardian of the Constitution it is its duty to protect human rights of the citizens. Custodial violence , torture and custodial  death strikes a blow to the rule of law which demands that the police authorities should take care of accused persons while they are under police custody. Any form of torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, would fall within the inhibition of Article 21, whether it occurred during investigation, interrogation or otherwise.

Dr. Hari Mohan Mittal,
Professor - School of Law

Thursday, 7 April 2016

“Marketing the Un marketed” - A workshop on Rural Marketing

The 7th of April 2016 staged a workshop on Rural Marketing titled “Marketing the Un marketed” at the RNB Global University, Bikaner, for the students of Management & Commerce. In conference Halls and in Conclaves we may be a technologically growing Global economy, but on paper and in the policy making forums we remain a country with 75% as rural economy and it is from there that we steer drive our growth in the form of labour, raw material and exports. With this premise the resource person Dr. R.C.Mathur, Faculty of Management Studies, Institute of Rural Management, Jaipur, put a lot of thought behind devising a feasible reason, which could be related to students in their language, making them understand the need and importance of Rural Marketing in India. His emphasis was to crystallise answers to certain paradoxical questions like can NGO’s, SME’s, SHG, PACS, market our products and services in Rural India?

Students understood how in recent years rural marketing has acquired significance as the overall growth of the economy is resulting into substantial increase in the purchasing power of the rural communities. With Green Revolution at the peak of all ventures, the rural areas are consuming a large quantity of industrial and urban manufactured products. This has given birth to a special marketing strategy, namely, Rural Marketing. A large number of businesses are involved in the marketing of various products in the rural areas of India and elsewhere

Can we as academicians, students, and non-government organisations work together to study, follow and promote HOLISTIC Rural Marketing that shall ensure socioeconomic development of the rural India?

Can we generate employment opportunities for today’s youth by promoting and working in Rural Businesses in Rural India?

The aim of this workshop was a little further and beyond the explanation of Rural Marketing in the books. The main objective being to develop a strong foundation of applied knowledge, concepts, approaches, and analytical skills in the participants for successful marketing of products and services to rural consumers. The workshop lead to the clarity of some very important aspects of Microfinancing and Agri-Marketing.

The two day workshop not only helped visions enhance for students but also made them understand that a very big and palpable job market awaits them a few years down the line, where we as India may not have to depend completely on FDI for jobs and overall growth.

Wednesday, 6 April 2016

Financial Tools for strategic Decision Making in Corporate World

As part of the academic requirements every educational institute organises subject workshops to expose candidates to practical aspects and practical applicability of the theoretical knowledge they learn. This enables to bring students at par with the level of professional excellence and enhance their adaptability skills, to nurture their ability to embrace change as an indispensable ingredient of growth in a global economy.

On the 6th and 7th of April 2016 subject oriented workshops were organised at the RNB Global University, Bikaner, for the students of BBA and BCOM.

The 6th of April 2016 witnessed the first workshop on "Cost and Management Accounting" for the students of BBA and BCOM. The workshop was convened in two parts, the first half of the day, the participants were students of BBA and in the second half the participants were the students of BCOM.

The resource person Dr. Satinder Kaur laid emphasis on the reason why cost and accounting no longer remains just a subject, but has with ease found a place for itself in the corridors of strategic decision making in business houses as Cost and Management Accounting. It is the word Management which as a prefix has brought meaning to the whole concept as a financial tool of strategic decision making.

The objective of the workshop was to clarify the meaning of Ratio Analysis as a process of determining and interpreting numerical relationships based on financial statements. The students understood the role of this analysis aiding the management to find out the overall as well as the department wise efficiency of the firm on the basis of available financial information. Further the analysis also enables the calculation not only of the present earning capacity of business enterprises but also the estimation of the future earning capacity as well.

It can be concluded that the workshop was very well defined and a very simply presented picture of how a standard set of accounting policies, valuation norms and disclosure requirements can be comprehended, on the basis of which financial statements can be prepared. The take home for students from the workshop was “how financial statements can be made more meaningful and comparable to arrive at strategic production, expansion, marketing, recruitment budget allocations and decisions at the end of the financial year and before the launch of new products”